Nearly half of adults over age 30 experience some form of gum disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). At Smile Structure Dentistry and Braces, with four offices in San Antonio and Helotes, Texas, the team of general and family dentists provide comprehensive periodontal care to prevent and treat gum disease. Call the nearest office or request an appointment online today to learn more.
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a progressive infection that causes your gums to inflame and separate from your teeth. It’s one of the most common oral health problems in people over age 30. While reversible in its early stages, gum disease can be more difficult to treat once it advances.
Smile Structure Dentistry and Braces offers many treatments to target gum disease before it causes lasting damage.
Gum disease occurs when sticky bacteria called plaque cling to the gums. Plaque releases toxins that eat away at gum tissue and other tooth-supporting structures. It typically progresses in two stages:
A mild form of gum disease, gingivitis causes redness and inflammation. Your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth, but plaque remains above the gum line.
Periodontitis is an advanced type of gum disease that develops when plaque travels beneath the gum line, forming small pockets. The gums start separating from the teeth, leading to recession, tooth decay, and even tooth loss.
Signs of gum disease may not be obvious at first, but they typically worsen over time. Warning signs of gum disease typically include:
Without effective treatment, gum disease can lead to tooth loss. Early intervention is essential to preserve your oral health and protect your smile.
How the team treats gum disease depends on its severity. After carefully assessing your gum health, Smile Structure Dentistry and Braces may recommend:
The team may recommend a deep cleaning, or scaling and root planing, to remove plaque and tartar under the gum line and smooth tooth roots for enhanced healing.
Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection and support overall gum health.
Gum grafting, a procedure involving taking tissue from another part of the mouth or synthetic material, may cover exposed tooth roots and treat gum recession.
Call Smile Structure Dentistry and Braces or request an appointment online today to learn more.